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Installation, Maintenance, & Safety Tips for Garage Door Torsion Springs

Installation, Maintenance, & Safety Tips For Garage Door Torsion Springs

Installation, Maintenance, & Safety Tips for Garage Door Torsion Springs

January 14, 2024

There's no denying that a garage has a multifaceted role in every home; it acts as a dedicated parking spot, storage unit, tool shed, and sometimes, even a workshop. However, most people overlook one of the critical components of this multi-use space - the garage door system. It's a complex assembly designed with a number of various parts, one of which is the garage door torsion spring. 

This vital piece is responsible for balancing the door's weight, granting it the ability to open and close effortlessly. Yet, despite its significant role, homeowners often know little about it, including its installation, maintenance and safety practices. In this article, we aim to shed light on these essential facets of torsion springs and deepen your understanding of its function in the broader system.

Garage Door Torsion Springs

Torsion springs are strong, tightly wound coils made of metal that store and release energy to help lift and lower your garage door. They are designed to bear the massive weight of the door, making it easy for homeowners or garage door openers to operate the door smoothly.

Functions of Torsion Springs in Garage Doors

  • Support and Lift: Torsion springs support and lift by balancing the weight of the garage door, allowing it to open and close steadily.
  • Safety: A well-functioning torsion spring enhances the overall safety of the garage door by controlling the speed at which it opens and closes.

Types of Garage Door Torsion Springs

  1. Standard Torsion Springs: Commonly used in residential garage doors, standard torsion springs are appropriate for doors up to 7 feet in height and 16 feet in width.
  2. Early Set Torsion Springs: Mostly utilized in commercial and industrial garage doors, early set torsion springs require a special kind of winding cone.
  3. Torquemaster Torsion Springs: Integrated into a protective tube, these springs are designed to minimize spring-related issues like broken garage door springs.
  4. Steel Rolling Door Torsion Springs: Ideal for rolling steel doors, these springs are encased in a barrel-like structure.

Understanding your garage door torsion springs is crucial for performing proper maintenance and avoiding issues like broken garage door springs.

A professional fixing a garage door using its wrench.

Installing Garage Door Torsion Springs

If you're an avid DIY-er or look forward to a new project, installing garage door torsion springs on your Utah garage doors might be a satisfying challenge. However, it's crucial to approach this task with adequate knowledge of the tools required and the installation steps. Let's guide you through this process.

Essential Tools for Installation

Before plunging into the installation process, let's introduce you to the main tools and equipment you'll need:

  • Winding Bars: Rod-like tools used to wind and unwind the springs.
  • Vise Grips: This will help to anchor the torsion springs.
  • Socket Wrench Set: For tightening bolts and nuts.
  • Safety Goggles and Gloves: Necessary to protect your eyes and hands during the ordeal.

Installing Torsion Springs: Step-by-Step Guide

  1. Preparation: Ensure your garage door is completely closed and disconnected from the opener.
  2. Perform Measurements: Measure the various components of your garage door and torsion spring.
  3. Install Springs and Bearing: Attach the springs and center bearing to the spring tube.
  4. Secure the Tube and Coupler: Using a socket wrench, attach the tube to assemble the outside lift cable.
  5. Winding the Springs: Use your winding bars to turn the springs.

This guide will help you install torsion springs on garage doors in Utah.

Maintenance of Garage Door Torsion Springs

Proper maintenance of your garage door torsion springs is critical for your door's longevity, efficient operation, and general safety. Just like any other mechanical component, these springs need regular checks to stay in optimal shape. Here, we outline DIY maintenance tips and warning signs for garage door springs in Utah homes.

Importance of Regular Maintenance

Garage door springs bear a massive load daily. Regular maintenance ensures these springs do not snap unexpectedly, potentially causing injuries and costly repairs. Additionally, a well-maintained spring system allows your garage door to operate smoothly, enhancing its lifespan.

DIY Maintenance Tips for Torsion Springs

  • Regular Lubrication: Apply a high-quality silicone-based lubricant to keep the spring functioning smoothly.
  • Visual Inspection: Regularly inspect your torsion springs for any signs of wear and tear or rust.
  • Balancing Test: Open the garage door halfway. If it doesn't stay put, your springs might need adjusting.
  • Professional Inspection: While DIY check-ups are great, scheduling professional inspections for your garage doors that Utah residents trust is also essential.

Warning Signals to Look Out For

  • Door Doesn’t Open Properly: If your door struggles to open or doesn't open at all, it could indicate a problem with the torsion springs.
  • Noisy Operation: Loud noises during operation can be a sign of worn-out springs.
  • Visible Damage: Any visible rust, gaps, or other deformations on the springs call for immediate attention.

Taking care of your garage door torsion springs will prolong their service life and ensure the safe functioning of your garage door. With these tips, you can easily perform checks and minor fixes.

A newly installed safety device for a garage.

Garage Door Torsion Springs Safety Tips

While garage door torsion springs simplify our lives drastically, they can also pose serious hazards if mishandled or poorly maintained. This section discusses potential risks, crucial safety precautions, and what to do during emergencies or malfunctions.

Potential Hazards of Garage Door Torsion Springs

Garage door springs can store significant amounts of energy, and when this energy is suddenly released, it can lead to severe injuries or even fatalities. Some risks include:

  • Spring Breakage: A snapped torsion spring could cause the heavy garage door to fall unexpectedly.
  • High Tension: Incorrectly winding the springs could lead to accidental release of the tension, resulting in harm.

Essential Safety Precautions

Here are a few safety tips to heed when interacting with your garage door torsion springs:

  • Proper Maintenance: Regularly maintain your garage door mechanism to prevent any sudden breakdowns.
  • Use the Right Tools: Always use proper tools like winding bars and vise grips when dealing with spring tension.
  • Safety Equipment: Use safety goggles and gloves, especially when winding or unwinding the springs.

Handling Emergencies and Malfunctions

In case of an emergency or malfunction:

  • Don’t Force Operation: If your garage door does not open, don’t force it. This could be a signal that the springs are broken.
  • Contact a Professional: For any severe malfunctions, always seek help from garage door repair professionals.

While these tips are handy to know, remember that the safest and most efficient solution is to have a professional handle the job. Should you require expert assistance, trust Right Choice Doors for all your garage door repair needs.

Buying Garage Door Torsion Springs

Selecting the appropriate torsion springs for your garage door is not a straightforward process. Your decision could have a significant impact on the door's operation and safety. 

Key Factors for Your Torsion Spring Purchase

  • Size: The size of your garage door torsion springs is paramount. The wrong size can shorten the spring's lifespan and lead to more severe issues with your door.
  • Type: There are two primary types of torsion springs: single and double. Your choice depends on your garage door’s weight and size.
  • Weight Capacity: Understanding your garage door's weight is crucial in determining the weight capacity of your springs.

Choosing a Reliable Retailer and Smart Shopping

When it comes to shopping for your new springs, don’t just opt for the first retailer you find online. Research is key in finding reputable retailers that offer high-quality, durable torsion springs. Look for:

  • Good Reviews: Check for positive customer reviews and ratings.
  • Comprehensive Information: Retailers should provide adequate specifications and descriptions of their products.
  • Customer Support: Choose retailers who offer after-sales support, as you may need help with setup or maintenance.

Avoid Common Buyer Pitfalls

Navigating the intricacies of torsion springs shopping can be challenging. Keep these points in mind to avoid common mistakes:

  • Never Compromise on Quality: Quality springs are an investment in functionality and safety; don’t be tempted by suspiciously low prices.
  • Understand All Aspects: Have a thorough understanding of your door's size and weight and the type of springs you need.

Purchasing garage door torsion springs need not be a daunting task. Armed with the right knowledge, you can buy with confidence, ensuring that your garage door operates smoothly and safely for years to come.

A man being trapped for a common buying mistake.

When and How to Replace Garage Door Torsion Springs

Your garage door torsion springs can wear down over time, and it's essential to know when and how to replace them. Ensuring they're in good shape will keep your garage door functioning optimally and maximize its lifespan.

Keep an eye out for these common signs that your torsion springs may need replacement:

  • Difficulty opening the door: If the door struggles or fails to open, it could be due to damaged springs.
  • Audible noises: Loud creaks or other noises during operation often point to worn-out springs.
  • Visibly damaged springs: Any signs of rust, gaps, or deformation on the springs warrant attention.

Step-by-Step Guide on Replacing Torsion Springs

Replacing garage door torsion springs is a task that demands precision and safety. This step-by-step guide aims to guide you through the process, but a word of caution before we begin: this task can be dangerous and should only be attempted if you're confident and familiar with how torsion springs work. Always follow instructions and precautions carefully.

1. Gather necessary tools

Before anything else, ensure you have the necessary tools on hand. You will need winding bars, a vise grip, and your replacement spring. Having all your tools within reach before starting significantly streamlines the process.

2. Disconnect the door opener

To ensure your safety during the process, be sure to disconnect the garage door opener from the door and turn off the power. This step prevents any unexpected movement or activation of the door while you're working.

3. Secure the door in place

Next, use a vise grip to hold the door securely at a comfortable height for handling the springs. This step not only provides a convenient height for working, but it also prevents any accidental falling or movement of the door.

4. Unwind the old spring

This is a crucial step that needs ample attention. Insert a winding bar into the winding cone and unwind the old spring slowly and carefully. This will release the tension, ensuring the spring is safe to be removed.

5. Remove and install new spring

Detach the old spring from the spring bracket and take a moment to inspect the components for any signs of damage or wear. Install the new spring according to the manufacturer's guidelines. Each spring can vary slightly, so be sure to follow your specific spring's directions closely.

6. Wind the new spring

With the new spring securely installed, it's time to wind or tension the spring. Remember that this part is critical for the correct operation of the door. Wind the spring up until you reach the specified number of turns as per the manufacturer's manual.

7. Reinstall door opener

To complete the process, reattach the garage door opener and turn the power back on. Test the door to ensure everything is functioning as it should. The door should open and close smoothly, and the springs should remain secure and tight during operation.

This guide is a general step-by-step process, and each garage door system might have unique steps that you should follow. Remember to always prioritize safety.

Calling a Professional for Spring Replacement

Working with torsion springs carries inherent risks due to their high tension. If you lack experience or do not feel confident replacing these springs, it's prudent to engage a professional garage door repair service. These experts can promptly and safely execute spring replacements, guaranteeing the smooth operation of your garage door promptly. 

Right Choice Doors is a trusted name you can rely on for skillful garage door torsion spring replacement. As a reputed professional in the market, we possess the expertise, experience, and tools to handle the intricacies related to torsion springs. By engaging reliable professionals like Right Choice Doors, you can rest assured that your garage door system will be in safe hands, concluding the job with the utmost safety standards and impeccable workmanship.

A professional garage door going to fix the garage door with its equipment.


Keeping your garage door in optimal working condition is way more than just about aesthetics or convenience; it is primarily about safety. An integral part of this involves understanding the dynamics and intricacies of garage door torsion springs, from installation to ongoing maintenance. 

With proper care and a proactive approach, the chances for unwelcome surprises can be significantly reduced, ensuring the longevity of your garage door system as a whole. Just remember, while DIY maintenance can be fruitful, professional inspections are essential too, and risky tasks, such as replacing torsion springs, should always be performed by skilled technicians. After all, it's not just about protecting your property, but more importantly, about ensuring your and your loved ones' safety.

In need of professional assistance for your garage door repairs and maintenance? Look no further! Contact Right Choice Doors for all your garage door needs, and trust our skilled technicians to keep your garage door system in perfect working order.

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